Pro zájemce

WHAT IS CAPOEIRA?

From Mestre Baratino's point of view

Capoeira is a manifestation of Afro-Brazilian culture that was developed in Brazil in the era of slavery. Capoeira is a mixture of fight, dance, culture, nation and music. For centuries, Capoeria has been seen as a protest towards racial inequality and an expression of freedom. Capoeria consists of two principle styles. The first, Angola, is characterised by slow, low play with particular attention to ritual and traditions. The second, Regional, is known for its’ smooth acrobatic play, where technique and strategy are the two main key points.

PHILOSOPHY OF CAPOEIRA

As each step to freedom so capoeira has its own philosophy: Capoeira’s value lies in the cultural ethnicity of nations, respect, and approaching to social equality.

CAPOEIRA IN BARATINO'S LIFE

I am Brazilian. I was born in Salvador, Bahia, the region where Brazil began. I started Capoeria as a child, playing amongst my friends in the street. At the age of 10, I discovered the Academy of Mestre Virgilha and there it all began. From that moment, Capoeria became part of my lifestyle. Before Capoeria conquered the world, the tradition began in the favelas (slums) of Senzalas, and although it still remains a cultural manifestation, it has now become a globalised culture, as every Capoeria movement influences many others.

Capoeria is acted out by fighting, dancing, moving, acrobatics, and ever-evolving musical styles. Today people practice Capoeria for many reasons. One may be a desire to learn more about Brazilian culture, or perhaps in search of an art. Capoeira is education, dance and fight in different forms and styles stemming from interest.

ORIGIN OF THE WORD CAPOEIRA

The word capoeira comes from the Tupi - Guarani. Before the Portuguese explorers arrived on Brazilian soil, they were the original inhabitants. Therefore, many elements of Brazilian culture are influenced by the Portuguese, native inhabitants and Africa. 

The word ‘capoeira’ means grass, a pothole - the kind of vegetation that can be found in the NE of Brazil. During the colonial era slaves from the stockbroker (pj: Senzalas) fled in forest (capoeira), where they fought, protected themself by own body through the head, knees, kicks etc.. When slavers were looking after their slaves, owners of forests answered: "Fugiram para Capoeira."(The fled to the forest, to capoeira). This is the true meaning of the word capoeira. There is one traditional song about capoeira, in which sings: For foreigner capoeira is grass, for the Brazilian it is death.

HOW WAS CREATED THE RANKING SYSTEM IN CAPOEIRA?

The banding system in Capoeira is relatively new, created to motivate students. Before, Capoeiristas were recognised for their ablitiy according to the basis of their skills, style, knowledge, life experience in the world of Capoeira. So it should be nowadays too, if omitting the banding system.

The Brazilian Federation uses color bands that are typical for Brazil (green, yellow, blue and white). The white belt symbolizes purity and knowledge, it is the highest ranking band, with the title of Mestre.

CAPOEIRA IN CZECH REPUBLIC

Europeans had their first contact with Capoeira through television, cinema, acrobatics and Capoeira performances, or possibly even, through folkloric traditions. Today, Capoeira in the Czech Republic has the characteristics of both art and sport. Most people are familiar with capoeira as a dancing, acrobatic show. After the fall of the Communist regime, the Czech Republic opened its’ doors to a world of new cultures, including from Latin America. Today, capoeira is practiced all over the world in different forms and styles. It is a science, therapy, entertainment, education, art and dance.

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info@capoeiramandela.cz